Biobran/MGN-3, an Arabinoxylan Rice Bran, Protects against Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2): An In Vitro and In Silico Study

  • Mamdooh Ghoneum, Shaymaa Abdulmalek and Hewida H. Fadel
  • (edited by Chris Gutch PhD.)
  • 2023

Abstract: Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), the causative agent of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19), poses a serious global public health threat for which there is currently no satisfactory treatment. This study examines the efficacy of Biobran/MGN-3 against SARS-CoV-2. Biobran is an arabinoxylan rice bran that has been shown to significantly inhibit the related influenza virus in geriatric subjects. Here, Biobran’s anti-SARS-CoV-2 activity was assessed using MTT and plaque reduction assays, RT-PCR, ELISA techniques, and measurements of SARS-CoV-2-related gene expression and protein levels. For Vero E6 cells infected with SARS-CoV-2, Biobran reduced the viral load by 91.9% at a dose of 100 µg/mL, it reduced viral counts (PFU/mL) by 90.6% at 50 µg/mL, and it exhibited a significant selectivity index (EC50/IC50) of 22.5. In addition, Biobran at 10 µg/mL inhibited papain-like proteinase (PLpro) by 87% and ACE2 SARS-CoV-2 Sprotein RBD by 90.5%, and it significantly suppressed SARS-CoV-2 gene expression, down-regulating E-gene and RdRp gene expression by 93% each at a dose of 50 µg/mL and inhibiting the E-protein by 91.3%. An in silico docking study was also performed to examine the protein–protein interaction (PPI) between SARS-CoV-2 RBD and DC-SIGN as well as between serine carboxypeptidase and papain-like protease PLpro. Serine carboxypeptidase, an active ingredient in Biobran, was found to interfere with the binding of SARS-CoV-2 to its receptor DC-SIGN on Vero cells, thus preventing the cell entry of SARS-CoV-2. In addition, it impairs the viral replication cycle by binding to PLpro. We conclude that Biobran possesses potent antiviral activity against SARS-CoV-2 in vitro and suggest that Biobran may be able to prevent SARS-CoV-2 infection. This warrants further investigation in clinical trials.

We use cookies to improve your experience on our website. For more details see our cookie policy.

Like many other websites, we use cookies to provide enhanced functionality and track the usage of our websites with Google Analytics, and some of our third-party advertisers might use them to deliver adverts tailored to what they think you might be interested in.

What are cookies?

Cookies are small text files which can be sent to browser when you visit websites and saved to your device (computer or other device with Internet access, i.e. smartphone or tablet). Cookies are saved in the folder for files of your browser. Cookies usually contain the name of the website they come from and the date of origin. Upon your next visit the browser loads cookies again and sends these information back to the website which originally created cookies. Cookies we use do not harm your computer.

Using cookies

By using this website you give your consent to using cookies in compliance with your browser settings. If you visit our websites, acceptance of cookies is allowed in your browser, you do not change your browser settings and continue visiting our websites we consider it as accepting our conditions for using cookies.

Why are we using cookies?

Cookies are used to optimally create and constantly improve the quality of our services, adjust them to your interests and needs and improve their structure and contents. We do not use data obtained by using cookies to contact users by mail, e-mail or telephone.

How to change settings of cookies?

Majority of browsers have been originally set to automatically accept cookies. This settings can be changed by blocking cookies or by a notification in case cookies are to be sent to your device. Instructions for changing cookies are available in the option “Help” of every browser. If you use different devices to access websites (e.g. computer, smartphone, tablet), we recommend you to adjust every browser on each of them to your preferences regarding cookies.

Why to keep settings of cookies?

Using cookies and permitting cookies in your browser is your decision. However, in case you change settings of cookies, functionality of some of our websites can be limited and their user comfort reduced.